the artistic possibilities
of designing with nature

Upcoming events

September 24, 2017
Active artists from the surrounding areas are invited to a group critique and barbeque on Sept 24th at 1:00.  Open to all interested artists.  Call 802 875 2194 or email us here to rsvp.
Design and construct the man-made environment to be in harmony with the natural environment.

Cast Block Wall System (CASTECO) - Page 2

author: Robert Shannon

New Casting Materials and Block Configurations Winter'07/'08

Material

A composite of 5 parts cellulose fibre, 5 parts perlite, and 1 part portland cement by volume ( this is yet vague) with water to saturate to a paste adequate to mold the material into a form ( place versus pour) produced a very porous solid of lightweight, but quite rigid. After room temperature curing, the sample was re-immersed in water until all the pores were saturated with no dissolution occurring. The sample dried out and maintained its former characteristics. Extrapolating to a solid 8"x8"x16" block, the weight would be 20 lbs. It appears to be strong in compression, and may be able to bond to some degree to rebars, or fasteners of varied materials. The rigidity and non-crumbliness of the edges is a valuable attribute for its resistance to damage in transportation and assembly. Unlike AAC no energy is needed for curing. The pumicecrete in common use in New Mexico, by contrast, is extremely crumbly, and as suggested 10 years ago to one of the manufacturers would benefit from the addition of some type of fibres ( as used in GRFC panels). We intend to have the material compression tested and tested for an accurate R value which we estimate to be slightly under R4/inch. Also precise proportions of the composite will be determined.

Configurations

Blocks with one vertical rebar hole and a series of bond beam blocks with diagonal troughs to connect the vertical holes would allow for various wall designs. Since the material is easily cut, other troughs for exceptional conditions can be made on site. Also a basic block and half-block without holes can be drilled, cut or grooved for complex geometries. The drawing below gives an idea of how the blocks can be combined and reinforced ( light gray for the verticals and reddish brown for the troughs.)

Other Manufacturing methods

Using a cnc printer to deposit layers of various material strengths and insulative values can solve the problems of curing, transportation strength, bearing strength, and bonding to grout around rebars. In fact completely customized blocks are possible on an order to order basis. From our various tests it is evident that the same ingredients in different proportions will accomplish this and bond to each other as the deposition occurs in their non-cured state. We would like to experiment with such a technique and are looking into a collaboration with an engineering or architectural school which have machines of this nature. We would appreciate any help we could receive in this pursuit.

The Market Place

It would appear that aerated autoclaved concrete will be the replacement for traditional concrete masonry units, that is if the European and Australian recent models are to spread. Lack of availability, lack of economical customized orders, and further, lack of trained applicators, make this an iffy proposition in the US at the moment. It is far superior to its competitor, but also still not putting the right material in the right places to maximize materials sustainability.
It would be a boon to architects and their clients is a one material wall ( plus coatings) were to make a suitable wall section for cold climates, especially for a zero-carbon solution. AAC will not do this in a reasonable thickness, even with its mass factor, under prolonged cloudy conditions, and on non-solar immersed walls. It is a problem comparable to Trombe wall solar systems. You just cannot escape the entropy without a hefty R value.